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Other highlights include the building's two 84-meter-high towers.
Added in the early 20th century, they're home to a rather unique noontime bell that is notable for being rung an hour early, at 11am, a tradition that dates back to its founding and which commemorates the city successfully tricking its besiegers into ending their attack early.
Evidence of the town's 13 main springs (not to mention its countless smaller springs) are everywhere, from the magnificent fountain in the midst of the Tepla River that shoots jets of water 14 meters into the air, to the spa-influenced architecture of its many exquisite Neoclassical and Art Nouveau colonnades with their drinking and bathing fountains.
This famous structure spanning the River Vltava was built in 1357 and has many unique points of interest along its 520-meter span, including numerous fine statues.
Much of what stands today in this UNESCO World Heritage Site stems from the 17th century, including the Rosenberg Ballroom and the Renaissance Hall, the Royal Apartments, and the Chapel of St. Also worth seeing is the castle's old Baroque theater, built in 1682 and with much of the equipment added later in the 18th century still used for special performances.
Other highlights include historic collections of paintings and tapestries, along with fine décor and period furniture.
In the city's Hradčany neighborhood and dating from the late 10th century, Prague Castle has been central to Eastern European history for centuries, and once housed Holy Roman Emperors, the Habsburgs, Bohemian kings, and, more recently, the Czech Republic's President. George's Basilica, the Powder Tower, and the Golden Lane with its medieval workshops.
Over the course of its 1,000-year history, the castle - the largest in the world in terms of area - has undergone many dramatic changes in architectural style, evidence of which can be seen in the numerous buildings constructed within its walls through the centuries. Of particular note is the Old Royal Palace with its magnificent Vladislav Hall, so big it was used to host knightly jousting tournaments, as well as the adjoining 16th-century Royal Garden with its spectacular Singing Fountain.